t H e — C o M p L e T e — I n F o


      

bio

TRANSGENIC PLANTS

INTRODUCTION: Transgenic plant: Transgenic plants possess a gene or genes that have been transferred from a different species. Although DNA of another species can be integrated in a plant genome by natural processes, the term “transgenic plants” refers to plants created in a laboratory using recombinant DNA technology. The aim is to design plants with […]

NUTRACEUTICALS-‘FOODS AS MEDICINE’

INTRODUCTION Nutraceutical, a portmanteau of nutrition and pharmaceutical, refers to extracts of foods claimed to have a medicinal effect on human health. The nutraceutical is usually contained in a medicinal format such as a capsule, tablet or powder in a prescribed dose. More rigorously, nutraceutical implies that the extract or food is demonstrated to have […]

LOCATION OF GENE

Gene For a non-technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. This stylistic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). Introns are regions often found in eukaryote genes that are removed in the splicing process (after the DNA is transcribed into RNA): only […]

ANTIBIOTICS

1. INRODUCTION Antibiotics are drugs that are used in the treatment or prevention of bacterial infections. Strictly speaking, antibiotics are natural substances produced by micro-organisms as opposed to semi-synthetic or synthetic antibiotics, which are either natural substances artificially modified or totally human created respectively. Antibiotics form part of a wider range of antimicrobial agents, a […]